The flora of Italy is very diverse. Many species of trees and shrubs grow here. Poland and Italy have similar vegetation, but each country has its own species.

Italian flora

A variety of vegetation can be found in the Friuli region of Venezia Giulia in Northern Italy. In the mountains: the Alps grow spruces, pines, firs, limes trees and larches. The valleys and plains are dominated by deciduous trees such as oaks, beeches and chestnut trees. In the higher parts, there are alpine lichen and Gentian. Fruit trees and bushes such as olives, vines, citrus fruits, pomegranates and khaki are also characteristic of this region and climate. In this region, we can also find field poppy, consisting mainly of small shrubs and trees with leathery, winter-hardy, grey-green leaves. Makies can be found in places where there were sclerophyllous forests.



Pomegranate fruit

Citrus trees


Polish flora

Vegetation on the globe occurs in zones, which is related to the zonal climate system. Poland is located in the temperate climatic zone and in the plant zone of deciduous and mixed forests, which is why trees such as oaks, beeches and birches dominate here. In Poland we can find countless numbers of meadow plants. Some of them are edible and used in herbal medicine. The most popular ones include: dandelion, field clover, field poppy and cornflower.


Field clover


Fabbitfoot clover



Comparing these two countries, you can see that Northern Italy has a more Mediterranean climate, while Poland has a temperate climate. This does not mean, however, that our vegetation is completely different, we can notice many similarities, including:

Yellow rudbeckia



Common oaks

Cork oaks



Both regions have their own unique natural beauty!

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